Frank Owen Gehry was born by the name of Frank Owen Goldberg on 28 February 1929. He is a renowned architect from Canada but born in America. He is currently live in Los Angeles. Numerous of his works in buildings, including his own private house, have largely accepted as world-famous as his extraordinary design. 2010 World Architecture Survey stated that many of his works are considered as the most important works of contemporary architecture. This statement then led Vanity Fair, a famous magazine in the world, labeled him as ‘the most important architect of our age’.
The early work of his that made his career jumpa-started is his own private house in Santa Monica, California. Then he is famously known as many works around the world such as 8 Spuce Street, Vitra Design Museum, Louis Vuitton Foundation, etc. Here are several of his works known for their unique designs.
1. 8 Spruce Street
8 Spruce Street, its original name was Beekman Tower and currently is labeled and marketed as New York by Gehry, with the building included and being marketed by his name is the valid proof that his name alone contain such weigh influence. The building is 76-story skycrapper and considered as one of the tallest residential tower in the world. It also stated as the tallest residential tower in the Western Hemisphere. The building located in the New York City at 8 Spruce Street, which is the reason it is called by that name.
The building houses public elementary school owned Departement of Education. It located in the first five floors in the building. The school host over 600 students from pre-kindergarten to eight grade classes. The outdoor play space also provided in the fourth floor deck. Above the public school are the apartments. The total of rental unit are 904 units with various range of rooms. All units are marketed as luxurious apartments and only for rental use. The building also accomodate its space for New York Downtown Hospital and has public parking below ground. Aside from school, apartments and hospital, tit also include publiz plazas on the east and west sides and street-level retail.
2. Vitra Design Museum
The Vitra Design Museum is located in Weil am Rhein, Germany. It is internationally renowned for its design. The museum founded by Vitra CEO, Rolf Fehlbaum in 1989 as an indipendent private foundation. But it still financed by Vitra Corporation. Vitra Corporation also provides the museum with the use of Vitra architecture and organizational cooperation. It is the first building work of Frank O.
Gehry in Europe with cooperation from Lorrach architect, Gunter Pfeifer.The museum was originally designly only to contain private collection of Rolf Fehlbaum, but Gehry doesn’t stop at that, he also buily a gatehouse near Vitra Factory and a more functional-looking production house.
Gehry only limited himself to white plaster and a titanium-zinc alloy, contrary with his usual style for the museum building. He also allowed cursed forms to break up angular shapes which is usually not his style thus it made the first time he used this method. The sloping white forms look to echo the Notre Dame du Haut chapel.
3. Louis Vuitton Foundation
The Louis Vuitton Foundation is an art museum and cultural center located in Paris. It is funded by group LVMH but run as a legally separate, nonprofit entity with its purpose is to promote art and culture. The museum was started to built in 2006 and completed in 2014. It is opened in the same year. The architect of the museum, Frank Gehry, intended to adjacent his design to the Jardin d’Acclimation in the Bois de Boulogne, Paris.
The building has 11 galleries with different sizes, 350-seat auditorium on the lower-ground floor. It also has multilevel roof terraces used for events and art installations. The building was built on top of bowling alley that formerly stood on the site within the square footage and two-story volume. The glass used for anything higher than that. The impact of this glass building shaped of a sailboat’s sails inflated by the wind. A number of shpes with white and flowery terraces are the ‘iceberg’ enveloped by those glass sails. On the upper floors, there are galleries lit by recessed hidden skylights.
4. Gehry Residence
The work that jump-started Gehry’s carreer was no other than his own house known as Gehry Residence. The hous originally an existing Dutch colonial style house. Gehry then extended and built the house around it. He was used unconventional materials. This work considered by many as one of the earliest deconstructivisit building, which is the style mostly used and later be trademark of Gehry. But Gehry denies this. The house is located in Santa Monica, Californa.
Contrary with its famous around the world, many of Gahry’s seemed unhappy with he building the house. It is due to the fact that its very unusual design which is viewed as strange instead unique in the neighborhood.
5. Dancing house
The Dancing house, the original name is Fred and Ginger, named after famouse dancers Fred Astaire and Ginger Rouse (the house represented a pair of dancers), is located in Prague, Czech Republic. It is the nickname of Nationale-Nederlanden building. The Dancing house was designed in 1992 and it took four year to complete it in 1996. The building was considered controversial at the time, because its very non-traditional design. It made the building stands aout among other famous building in Prague, Baroque, Gothic and Art Nouveau. It was also considered that the building does not accord well with these traditional architectural stules. But the Czech president around that time, Vaclav Havel, has supported the project, he also lived next to the site for decades, he hoped that the dancing house would be become a center of cultural activity.
The “dancing” shape is supported by 99 concrete panels. The different shape and dimension was applicated on each panel. Medusa was a nickname given to the large twisted structure of metal on the top of the building. The Dancing house has two central bodies, the first is a tower of glass supported by curved pillars, the second is parallel to the rover, the characteristic of its second body is the moldings that follow a wavy motion. It also distributed through the windows. The consideration of aesthetic was the one that driven this solution.